Debora Kana Hau1, Skye Gabb2, Jacob Nulik1, Lindsay Bell2, Yanto Liunokas1, Jeff Praing1, and John Dida3
1 BPTP, Naibonat, Kupang, NTT, Indonesia, firstname.lastname@example.org
2CSIRO Agriculture and Food, 203 Tor St, Toowoomba, QLD, 4350
3 BPTP, Waingapu, Sumba, NTT, Indonesia
Herbaceous forage legumes and the associated nitrogen (N) fixation can provide multiple benefits to smallholder farmers, including increased soil fertility and provision of high quality livestock fodder. Previous research demonstrates that, in Eastern Indonesia, forage legumes can increase both crop and livestock production, however their role in smallholder farming systems and the process of adoption remains unclear. This research assessed the adoption and adaptation of forage legumes from 2013 to 2016 in East Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. Using farmer focus groups and on-farm research we assessed forage legume adoption and adaptation, preferences for forage legume use as well as the benefits across a range of farming systems. Farm record keeping, regular visits and group discussion as well as participatory research and assessments with various stakeholders have shown promising technology uptake and indicates there is significant scope for further adoption of forage legumes in the region, with large potential benefits to both livestock and whole farm production.